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Toronto Criminal Lawyers

Toronto Criminal Lawyers
If you have been arrested for committing a serious offence, you are immediately going to need a criminal lawyer to advise you, and should the case come to court, a team to defend you. Your lawyer should be able to tell you into what category of offence or crime your act falls.

Canadas criminal law is under the jurisdiction of the federal government, but the provincial governments have the power to enforce and prosecute according to the law, through their law-enforcement agencies, namely the police.

Canadas penal code divides offences into three types:

Summary conviction offences:

These include most minor infractions that are usually punishable by a fine of up to $ 5000 and / or six months jail-time. The statute of limitations is six months for a summary charge unless an actual crime has been committed. The statute of limitations is set out individually for each type of crime. The police do not need an arrest warrant for this type of offence and the accused does not have to submit his or her fingerprints. The accused is automatically pardoned after three years if no further offence is committed.

Indictable offences:

These are the very serious offences, such as murder, treason, robbery, assault, burglary, rape, arson and larceny.

With the exception of treason which holds a statute of limitations of three years, there is no limitation for serious crimes. The police need an arrest warrant for this kind of offence, and the accused is required to submit finger prints.

Hybrid offences:

These are undecided offences. This type of offence can fall into either category of summary or indictable depending upon the circumstances and the consequences of the offence. The prosecution has yet to come to a decision as to whether the case is to be tried as a summary offence or an indictable offence. Many offences fall into this category. An example of an uncertain offence is driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs.

DUI, or impaired driving as it is called in Canada is normally a summary conviction offence. Penalties of fines and restricting driving, or revoking drivers licenses are more likely to be imposed rather than jail sentences. In Ontario, however, repeated offences can carry jail-time. If the impaired driver is involved in an accident, the charge might become a hybrid offence, and if lives are lost, an indictable offence.

When you are about to be indicted, your criminal lawyer will have to decide a strategy to defend you. He or she will try to find extenuating circumstances that may produce leniency in your sentencing or even get you acquitted. These include duress, intoxication, automatism, or necessity. Automatism will probably require psychiatric evaluation, and intoxication is only a factor in certain crimes. Necessity can include such things as self defence.

The law is very complicated, and that is why it is vital to get a criminal lawyer who is experienced and qualified to defend you in the type of charge you are facing.

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Finding The Best Criminal Lawyer To Represent You

When referring to criminal law, reference would need to be made to the various aspects which make up such a vast legal area. Consequently, a criminal lawyer refers to an attorney whose studies concentrated on criminal law and its several branches. Defense attorneys are the professionals required for anyone seeking to be well-defended against any criminal accusations.

Crimes are obviously serious violations of the law, which damage an individual either physically or morally. The sort of crimes which are commonly prosecuted are generally homicide, drug trafficking, theft and sexual offenses. However, criminal law is certainly not limited to these alone, and that is why there are several criminal lawyers that specialize in particular areas.

As can be imagined, hiring a lawyer who has sufficient experience in the particular area under which your case falls is crucial. Choosing the right lawyer to represent you will have a determinate effect on the outcome of your case. For this reason you obviously should do a little research on who would be the best attorney for you.

There are few experiences as traumatic as being accused of a crime. This is true both for the accused as well as for their loved ones. Preparing a solid defense requires time, effort, energy and financial means. Trusting your case in the hands of a reliable lawyer will relieve you of much anxiety, since you would know that an experienced professional would be in charge of your defense.

The benefit of having a good defense attorney on your side is that they will be professionally and objectively involved, with no emotional shackles to cloud their determination. Seasoned lawyers would have dealt with several similar cases in their past, so they would know what best to do.

Apart from the emotionally demanding time, facing a criminal charge would mean that your reputation is at risk. This is obviously a very serious aspect, especially as it regards your future professional endeavors. A criminal defense lawyer will know what to do to safeguard your personal record from harmful conviction records. Having a conviction on your record will influence where you can get a job and where you can live considerably.

While having charges dropped is a rare event, a criminal defense lawyer can often negotiate an equitable plea deal in which the charges would be reduced. This is naturally very much dependent on the facts of the case, but in general defense lawyers will manage to secure a much better outcome than what you would have initially imagined. The fear of facing time in jail is predominant amongst accused persons, but it is generally disposed of altogether by an able lawyer.

A very useful tool which anyone looking for a criminal attorney can make use of is the internet. A quick search will give you a wide range of websites of different criminal lawyers and their personal information. This will allow you to compare the different potential choices and to opt for the lawyer who seems best able to defend your rights. Apart from information, you can also use such websites to contact the lawyer directly and ask anything you wish. It is also possible to obtain a free consultation session with the lawyer of your choice so that you will be able to get to know how he approaches your case. Choosing the right criminal lawyer will be instrumental in your case.

 

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